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Geographic location: North America

Second greatest size in the world

East: Pacific Ocean ; North: Arctic Region ; East: Atlantic Ocian South: United States - 6,000 km border and the Great Lakes (the 5 largest lakes of fresh water in the world)
  • Surface: 9,970,610 km2

  • Capital: Ottawa - 1,06 millions (Province Ontario)

  • Population: 31,612,897  (2006)

  • Official Languages: French and English

  • 10 provinces and 3 territories  

  • Climate: varies respectively  to each area

  • Time zone: GMT -3h30 (T-N), -4, -5, -6, -7, -8

Canada's geography offers a surprising diversity : from abundant vegetation along the West Coast of British Columbia, to permanently frozen icey areas in the North at 70 parallel and endless prairies, mountains, lakes, and rivers; forests in the South, tundra in the North, boreal forest.

More than 80 % of the Canadian population lives in the 200 km large strip along the US border, taking advantage of four seasons with temperatures varying between 35 C in summer and -30 C in winter.

National Parks

Canada maintains 38 national parks covering a space of approximately 2 % of its territory. The Banff Park (Alberta - East of the Rockies) is the oldest since 1996; and still 1,000 national parks and almost 50 territorial parks, see the parks map

Provinces:

1. British Columbia (Victoria)

2. Alberta (Edmonton)

3. Saskatchewan (Regina)

4. Manitoba (Winnipeg)

5. Ontario (Toronto)

6. Québec (Québec)

7. New Brunswick (Fredericton)

8. Nova Scotia (Halifax)

9. Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown)

10. Newfoundland (St. John's)

 

Territories:

11. Nunavut (Iqaluit)

12. Nord-West Territories (Yellowknife)

13. Yukon (Whitehorse)

Main cities :

Toronto - 4.68 millions

Montréal - 3.43 millions

Vancouver - 2.01 millions

Mountain Chains

East: Torngat, Appalaches, Laurentides

Ouest: Rocky, Mackenzie, Coast Chain

North: St-Elie, Pelly, Logan (6,050 m)

 

Rivers

 - Saint-Laurence (3,058 km)

 - Mackenzie (4,241 km)

 - Nelson

 - Churchill

 - Fraser

 - Saskatchewan, Paix, Outaouais

 - Athabasca

 - Liard

 

Lakes

Approximately 2 millions of lakes, covering 7.6 % of Canada's surface. The greatest lakes are:

- Huron (ON)

- the Great Bear Lake - 31,326 km2 (TN-W)

 - Superior Lake (ON)

 - the Great Slave Lake (TN-W)

 - Winnipeg Lake (MA)

 - Erie (ON)

 - Ontario Lake (ON)

 

For more information:

·Canada Travel
·Discover Canada.com

·L'Atlas National du Canada

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